About Prostate Cancer and Prostate Cancer Surgery
If you or your loved one have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, most likely you are feeling a plethora of emotions- anxiety, confusion, even fear. To avoid undue stress and anxiety, it is recommended that you acquaint yourself thoroughly with the various aspects of this type of cancer.
What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate is gland which is found only in males. It is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It is about the size of a walnut, but can be much bigger in older men.
Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start growing uncontrollably. Most prostate cancers grow very slowly, some may spread quickly. In fact, it can be such a slow-growing cancer that many men never feel the effects of the cancer during their lifetimes unless diagnosed first.
Types of Prostate Cancer
Almost all the prostate cancers are categorized as ‘adenocarcinomas’, which develop from the prostate gland cells responsible for the prostate fluid that becomes part of the semen.
The following are some other types of prostate cancers, but are generally rare:
- Small cell carcinomas
- Transitional cell carcinomas
- Neuroendocrine tumours
Some Key Facts about Prostate Cancer
- After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men. In fact, about 1 in 7 men will get this cancer during his lifetime.
- Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men in the United States, after lung cancer.
- The risk of prostate cancer is higher for older men, and is quite rare for men under 40 years of age. Almost 60% of the cases are found in men above 65 years of age.
- Prostate cancer can be a serious disease, but is not as fatal. In fact, the 5-year survival rate for prostate cancer in most men is 99%.