Exercise is the miracle cure we’ve always had, but for too long we’ve neglected to take our recommended dose. Our health is now suffering as a consequence. The benefits of exercise extend far beyond weight management. Research shows that regular physical activity can help reduce your risk for several diseases and health conditions and improve your overall quality of life. Regular physical activity can help protect you from the following health problems.
Heart Disease and Stroke:- Daily physical activity can help prevent heart disease and stroke by strengthening your heart muscle, lowering your blood pressure, raising your high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels (good cholesterol) and lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels (bad cholesterol), improving blood flow, and increasing your heart’s working capacity. Optimizing each of these factors can provide additional benefits of decreasing the risk for Peripheral Vascular Disease. High Blood Pressure:- Regular physical activity can reduce blood pressure in those with high blood pressure levels. Physical activity reduces body fat, which is associated with high blood pressure.
Noninsulin-Dependent Diabetes. By reducing body fat, physical activity can help to prevent and control this type of diabetes. Obesity:- Physical activity helps to reduce body fat by building or preserving muscle mass and improving the body’s ability to use calories. When physical activity is combined with proper nutrition, it can help control weight and prevent obesity, a major risk factor for many diseases. Back Pain:- By increasing muscle strength and endurance and improving flexibility and posture, regular exercise helps to prevent back pain. Osteoporosis:- Regular weight-bearing exercise promotes bone formation and may prevent many forms of bone loss associated with age. Self Esteem And Stress Management:- Studies on the psychological effects of exercise have found that regular physical activity can improve your mood and the way you feel about yourself. Researchers have found that exercise is likely to reduce depression and anxiety and help you to better manage stress. Disability:- Running and aerobic exercise have been shown to postpone the development of disability in older adults.
Boost happy chemicals,Improve self-confidence, Help control addiction, Increase relaxation. Keep these health benefits in mind when deciding whether or not to exercise.
Health Benefits Of Exercise was last modified: November 20th, 2015 by https://plus.google.com/+DrMaheshDesai
New study reveals drinking cranberry juice might play a role in protecting against cardiovascular disease.
Drinking cranberry juice can protect your heart
A new study has revealed that drinking cranberry juice might play a role in protecting against cardiovascular disease.
Researcher Rodriguez-Mateos of the University Duesseldorf said that cranberry juice was a rich source of phytonutrients, including proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins and phenolic acids. In the study, researchers gave 10 healthy male subjects, between the ages of 18-40 years, 450 ml of sweetened cranberry juice made from concentrate. The cranberry concentrate was prepared with water to concentrations ranging from 0 to 117%.
Blood and urine samples were collected for 24 hours following consumption to detect changes in plasma and urinary cranberry-derived polyphenols. Across the board, all of the cranberry juices benefited flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) – including 25% cranberry juice, equivalent to the commonly consumed cranberry juice cocktail. The highest concentration of cranberry-polyphenol juice also showed improvements in systolic blood pressure.
Defending the health of the circulatory system and improving vascular function, it not only reduced the chances of developing atherosclerosis, but played an important role in kidney function, hormone delivery and waste filtration. Rodriguez-Mateos said that their results laid the groundwork to better understand the array of potential vascular and cardiovascular health benefits of cranberry polyphenols, adding that the significant improvements in vascular function from drinking two cups of cranberry juice suggested an important role for cranberries in a heart-healthy diet.
” If you’re a blood donor, you’re a hero to someone, somewhere, who received your gracious gift of life. ”
June 2015 — “Thank you for saving my life”. It focuses on thanking blood donors who save lives every day through their blood donations and strongly encourages more people all over the world to donate blood voluntarily and regularly with the slogan “Give freely, give often. Blood donation matters.” The campaign aims to highlight stories from people whose lives have been saved through blood donation, as a way of motivating regular blood donors to continue giving blood and people in good health who have never given blood to begin doing so.
World environment day is also known as the Environment Day, Eco Day or short form WED. It has been one of the great annual events for years which is being celebrated worldwide by the people aiming to protect the unique and life nurturing Nature on every 5th June.
World Environment Day History
World Environment Day (also called as WED) has been started celebrating as an annual event on every 5th of June since 1973 in order to raise the global awareness about the importance of the healthy and green environment in the human lives, to solve the environmental issues by implementing some positive environmental actions as well as to make aware common public worldwide that everyone is responsible for saving his environment and not only somebody, government or organizations working for it.
World environment day was first established to be celebrated every year by running some effective campaigns by the United Nations General Assembly and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in the conference on Human Environment began from 5th to 16th of June at United Nations in 1972. It was first time celebrated in 1973 with the particular theme “Only one Earth”. Since 1974, the celebration campaign of the world environment day is hosted in different cities of the world.
It is a big annual celebration started by the United Nations General Assembly to engage millions of people from different countries across the globe as well as draw attention of political and health organizations to implement some effective actions.
Why World Environment Day is Celebrated
World environment day annual celebration campaign was started to address the huge environmental issues like wastage and losses of food, deforestation, increasing global warming and so many. Every year celebration is planned according to the particular theme and slogan of the year to bring effectiveness in the campaign all through the world.
It is celebrated to successfully get carbon neutrality, focusing on the forest management, reducing greenhouse effects, promoting bio-fuels production by planting on degraded lands, use of hydro-power to enhance electricity production, encourage common public to use solar water heaters, energy production through solar sources, developing new drainage systems, promoting coral reefs and mangroves restoration in order to get prevented from flooding and erosion including other ways of environmental preservation. Some of the objectives of the world environment day campaign are mentioned below:
It is celebrated to make aware the common public about the environmental issues.
Encourage common people from different society and communities to actively participate in the celebration as well as become an active agent in developing environmental safety measures.
Let them know that community people are very essential to inhibit negative changes towards the environmental issues.
Encourage people to make their nearby surroundings safe and clean to enjoy safer, cleaner and more prosperous future.
World Environment Day 2015 was last modified: July 31st, 2015 by https://plus.google.com/+DrMaheshDesai
The Urinary System plays a very important role in the human body. It produces Urine, a waste fluid excreted by Kidneys, which it stores, and later, passes it out of the body. Urinary System works closely with the Lungs, the Skin, and Intestines to maintain the balance of chemicals in our body. Adults excretes about 1.42 liters of water per day while children would excrete lesser amount, which depends on the amount of fluid consumed by them. If a person is under medication, the amount of Urine excreted would differ.
THE PROCESS OF URINATION
Kidneys are the primary organs of the Urinary System. Blood passes through Kidney, where the proteins are broken down and Urea is separated through Nephrons, the filtering units. Each Nephron has a ball of blood capillaries called Glomerulus and a tube called the Renal Tube. Urea, along with water, and other waste particles, passes through Nephrons and the Renal Tubes, and then out of the Kidneys through two thin tubes called Ureters which are about 8-10 inches long.
This is not one-time process but, Urine is emptied in the bladder, every 10-15 seconds. Urinary Bladder is a hollow organ like a balloon. It stores Urine till it reaches its capacity that is 16 ounces. The body takes 2-5 hours to produce that much of Urine. A tube which allows Urine to pass out of the body is called Urethra.
The only difference in Male Urinary System and a Female Urinary System is the length of Urethra. Females have 1.5 inches long Urethra and Male have 8 inches long Urethra.
SIGNALS FOR URINATION
Nerves in the Bladder are responsible for sending signal to the brain to cause Urinating sensation. When Bladder reaches the maximum storage limit, Nerves emits signals that are captured by the Brain.
Brain encrypts the message that the Bladder is full and the urge to empty it intensifies. Urinating causes relaxation in muscles that tightens while emitting signals.
COMMON DISEASE IN URINARY SYSTEM
If at any point of time, during the entire process, Urine is forced back into the Kidneys, the Urine can cause a Kidney Infection. Or, when bacteria enters a Urinary Tract, it can affect the Urethra, the Kidneys, or even the Bladder causing Urine Infection. This condition is known as a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). Such type of infection is more common in Females but can also occur in Males. Infections, including yeasts, would cause disorders in body’s reproductive Organs. While Urologists’ treat the Male Reproductive Organs, Gynecologists’ treat the Female Reproductive Organs. One of the ways to treat the infection is to use Antibiotics. But please consult your Doctor before resorting to any medication.
TYPES OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS, KIDNEY DISEASES, AND FAILURE
INTERNAL CYSTITIS (IC) – This is a painful chronic Bladder syndrome, wherein the Bladder loses its elasticity. It results in the Bladder being unable to hold adequate Urine. PROSTATITIS – This infection occurs from the swelling of prostate gland and can cause urgency in Urination. Person suffering from this infection urinates more frequently compared to others along with strong pain during Urination and pain in the Pelvic Regions. It occurs only in Males as Female Reproductive System does not consist Prostrate Glands. Severity of the disease is Prostate Cancer. KIDNEY STONES – Sometimes consuming something adulterated causes clumps of Calcium Oxalate to form in the Urinary tract, popularly known as Kidney Stones. They causes pain in the back and sides. It can even cause hematuria, resulting in blood in urine. KIDNEY FAILURE – Medically known as Renal Failure, it is a chronic condition wherein Kidneys are unable to filter the waste from blood. It may be caused by trauma or damage to Kidneys. Renal diseases may lead to Chronic Kidney disorders and might require dialysis or even Kidney Transplantation. BLADDER CANCER – Difficulty in urination or frequent urination are possible symptom of Bladder Cancer. It can be caused by excessive smoking too.
Please note: Before you react to any uneasiness in your body, do always consult your Doctor for a proper diagnosis. RENAL CELL CARCINOMA – RCC is a type of Kidney Cancer which might be caused by excessive smoking, hypertension or obesity. URINARY INCONTINENCE – excessive stress in females can cause the problem of Urine leakage, also known as Urinary Incontinence, and it has a profound impact on quality of life.
URINARY SYSTEM: FACTS, FUNCTIONS & DISEASES was last modified: May 26th, 2016 by https://plus.google.com/+DrMaheshDesai
Urinary system is of one of the vital system among human body parts. It consist of Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary Bladder and Urethra. The Urinary Tract is like the plumbing system, it drains Urine from the Kidney and plays an important role in maintaining the homeostasis, a set of complex processes to maintain the balance of water, ions, calcium and blood pressure in the human body.
The Kidneys are located along the wall of abdominal cavity. The left kidney is located higher than the right kidney. This is because the right side of the liver, located behind kidney, is larger compared to the left side. A layer of Adipose (fat tissues) surrounds the organ to protect it from any type of physical damage. Our Kidneys remove excessive water from the blood and filter out all impurities, metabolic waste, chemicals, and excessive ions in the form of Urine.
Ureters resemble a tube like structure that carry Urine from the Kidneys to the Urinary Bladder. It is 10-12 inch long and is present on the left as well as the right side of the body and parallel to the Vertebral Column. The flow of the Urine from the Kidney to the Bladder is due to gravity and Peristalsis (contraction and relaxation of muscles) of tissue muscles present in Ureter walls. Ureterovesical valves seal the point of entry of Ureter in to the Urinary Bladder to prevent Urine from flowing back.
Urinary Bladder is a sac like hollow organ that stores Urine. Located in body’s midline and at the inferior end of pelvis, Urinary Bladder holds the Urine that is brought in by Ureters. As the Urine pours in it, the hollow elastic walls stretches itself. The walls can stretch and hold around 600-800 milliliters of Urine.
Once the Urine is accumulated in the Urinary Bladder, urethra takes it out of the body. It is a tube like structure which passes from Urinary Bladder and extends till the exterior of the body. Urethra in females is about 2 inch long extending up to clitoris while in male is up to 8-10 inches long extending up to the tip of penis. Urethra is also a part of male reproductive system, carrying the sperms out of the body through penis. Urethral Sphincter Muscles controls the internal and external flow of Urine.
Urinary System Physiology
Kidney is majorly responsible for homeostasis by carrying several toxicity outside the body:
Ions – Kidneys extracts sodium, calcium, potassium, chloride, phosphate and magnesium and throws it out of the body in the form of Urine.
pH – Kidneys monitors the pH level in the body and regulate the hydrogen ion level along with bicarbonates to control the blood pH.
Osmolarity – Kidneys controls the amount of water filtered outside the body and maintains the osmotic balance in the body.
Blood Pressure – Kidneys continuously monitors the blood pressure to maintain the Homeostasis.
Kidneys remove excessive waste from the blood through filtration process. Our blood consists of unwanted substances coming from things we eat and drink. Kidney automatically removes excessive salts and minerals to leave just the quantity the body needs. Every day about 180 liters of blood passes through the Kidneys via the renal arteries. Millions of tiny filters, called glomeruli, inside the Kidneys separate wastes and water from the blood.
Storage and Excretion of Wastes
When the Urine passes from Ureters to Urinary Bladder, it starts filling up the bladder and when it reaches the maximum level, the brain and the spinal cord get the signal. These signals cause relaxation of the internal Urethral Sphincter and cause the sensation of needing to Urinate. Urination can be delayed as long as the Urinary Bladder does not exceed its maximum filling volume, but as the volume increases nerve signals gets stronger leading to greater discomfort and desire to urinate.
Production of Hormones
Kidneys deal with several Hormones during the entire process namely:
Calcitriol – Calcitriol is an active form of vitamin D in the human body produced by the Kidneys from the UV radiation striking the skin.
Erythropoietin – It is a hormone produced by the Kidneys to stimulate the production of red blood cells
Renin – Renin is not a hormone itself, but an enzyme that the Kidneys produces to increase the blood volume and maintain the pressure
In our next blogs, we will explain you about urinary infection symptoms, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), etc. which is one of the most common disease in India and other developing countries.
Dr. Mahesh Desai, the Medical director of famous MPUH hospital – Nadiad, has explained me in details about the side effect of prostate removal, when he decided to go for an operation for my prostate cancer. The important thing for me was to know that a patient loses the control over urinate after the surgery, and that lasts for indefinite period – it can be for a few days, weeks or even for a few months. Once the prostate is removed, and if the muscles are not strong enough, patient will not be able to have control over urinate.
For the purpose, Dr. Mahesh Desai strongly recommended me to do exercise regularly. The physiotherapist – Dr. Vijay gave me enough training for all type of exercises. These exercises are very simple, but patients have to do them regularly – before and after the surgery. Dr. Vijay has repeatedly reminded this instruction and I started following it.
Dr. Mahesh Desai performed my surgery on 28th May, 2013. After the surgery, all the doctors were regularly following up with me and all of them – including Dr. Desai have strongly recommended to continue the exercise. The physiotherapist – Dr Vijay used to visit twice a day, and kept on guiding about the exercise. Even the nursing staff reminded the same. I was worried about urine leakage. I followed the advice of Dr. Mahesh Desai and his team about the exercise quite sincerely. At hospital, I had nothing to do that is why I kept on exercising throughout my stay.
The catheter was removed on the seventh day after my surgery. Now, the urine was supposed to come out naturally. I was at a point, for which I was afraid of the most, when I couldn’t control the urine. Luckily, after few hours urine started naturally. I was very worried about controlling urine and I was praying God to take me out of this situation as early as possible. As per the instruction and the guidance given by expert team of doctors, I continued my exercise regularly. After removal of the catheter urine was passing naturally. I could feel urge of the urination. I could stand up and reach to toilet. Gradually I could hold urine up to four hours then five hours and finally up to six hours!! I was amazed that there was no single incident of urine leakage during the entire day. I made doctors aware about it and they were happy as well. When Dr. Mahesh Desai came for a visit in evening, I informed him about it. He was very happy and he added that “this is the result of your regular exercise”. It’s been 15 days, when I am writing this, since the catheter is removed. I still do exercises regularly and follow doctor’s instruction very carefully. I am glad that there is no single incident of urine leakage till now.
Friends, I just want to tell you one thing. Like every patient wants the best doctors for their treatment, even doctors want their patients to follow all their instructions. My own experience of following doctor’s instructions, kept me away from shameful situation of urinary incontinence. Such things give big relief to the patient. So every patient should follow the doctors’ advice very strictly and do the exercise regularly.
Patient’s Testimonial on Importance of Exercise after Robotic Prostatectomy by Mr. Vinesh Antani – A Renowned Gujarati Author was last modified: June 25th, 2013 by https://plus.google.com/+DrMaheshDesai
Dr. Mahesh Desai– Medical Director and Managing Trustee of Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad – awarded an “Honorary Membership of Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand” (USANZ) on 16th April, 2013. He was awarded this membership for a life time.
Kidneys play a vital role in keeping us alive and well. World Kidney Day spreads the word that kidney disease is common, harmful & treatable: Early diagnosis and treatment improves the outcome. Kidney diseases are silent killers, which will largely affect your quality of life. There are however several easy ways to reduce the risk of developing kidney disease.